William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, born in Falaise to become King of England in 1066 after his victory at the Battle of Hastings. The fabulous Bayeux Tapestry tells the story of his epic adventure.
In Caen, the castle and two abbeys bear witness to his era and civilisation.
Richard the Lionheart, his great great grandson, reigned for 10 years.
The story of Joan of Arc is tragically associated with that of Rouen, where her trial was held. The Maid of Orleans perished at the stake, installed in the town's Place du Vieux Marché.